• 女性之声——全国妇联 2019-06-14
  • 计划不是产生在交换基础上的计划。 2019-06-14
  • 人民网春季糖酒会专访北京一轻食品集团有限公司总经理李奇 2019-06-12
  • 回复@老老保老张工:你肯定有咱无法企及的本事!比如你可以不要脸,咱就不行。 2019-06-12
  • 动用警力拘情妇为何至今无说法 2019-06-01
  • 候选企业:东方证券股份有限公司 2019-05-14
  • 崇尚英雄 精忠报国——我们家的报国故事 2019-05-14
  • 为了人民重托——记政府工作报告起草 2019-05-12
  • 海南省委书记、省长回复人民网网友近70条留言 2019-05-09
  • 福特中国召回部分林肯大陆 涉及11044辆 2019-05-07
  • 2017年度注册核安全工程师资格考试合格标准 2019-05-07
  • 端午假期国内游客超8900万人次 2019-05-06
  • 陈秋冬:评估AI项目 我们需要思考三个问题 2019-05-02
  • 赵世炎:信仰之火永不灭 2019-04-26
  • 德国库斯特黑啤酒500ml【价格 品牌 图片 评论】 2019-04-26
  • 英语听力 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
    > 在线听力 > 英语高级听力 > 英语语言学习 >  第148课

    吉林快三遗漏数据预测:英语语言学习:哪国的公民更受监视

    吉林体彩十一选五 www.6yyxf.com 所属教程:英语语言学习

    浏览:

    xijijun

    2019年03月14日

    手机版
    扫描二维码方便学习和分享
    https://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0009/9910/148.mp3
    //image.tingclass.net/statics/js/2012
    It's WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Susan Stamberg. The House of Representatives this past week rejected legislation that would have limited what data the NSA can collect from Americans. But the margin was narrow, and House leaders predict more efforts to bring the NSA under tighter control. U.S. intelligence officials were put on the defensive by the vote. Some argue that regulation of government surveillance programs is tighter in the U.S. than it is in many other countries. NPR's Tom Gjelten reports.

    TOM GJELTEN, BYLINE: The disclosure of previously secret NSA surveillance programs was met by outrage in Europe. The European Parliament actually threatened to delay trade talks with the United States. U.S. officials dismissed much of the complaining as hypocrisy. Stewart Baker, formerly the NSA's general counsel, told the House Judiciary Committee this month that the truth is Europeans are more likely to be spied on by their governments than Americans are by theirs. And he had data to back him up.

    STEWART BAKER: According to the Max Planck Institute, you're 100 times more likely to be surveilled by your own government if you live in the Netherlands or you live in Italy. You're 30 to 50 times more likely to be surveilled if you're a French or a German national than in the United States.

    GJELTEN: That study tallied surveillance orders issued by various European governments. Joris van Hoboken of the Institute for Information Law at the University of Amsterdam says those numbers are generally accurate. But he points out that many of the surveillance orders are issued by police departments, not by intelligence agencies like the NSA. He cites his own country.

    JORIS VAN HOBOKEN: It's quite known that law enforcement in the Netherlands uses wiretapping to a great extent, and that has to do with a certain tradition in the Netherlands of using that instrument.

    GJELTEN: As opposed to using, for example, undercover agents. That's about the likelihood of being snooped on here versus in Europe. But U.S. officials also argue that the legal restrictions on surveillance are tighter here. Christopher Wolf, a lawyer specializing in privacy, recently co-wrote a study comparing the extent to which spy investigations have to get outside approval, in the U.S. and in Europe. His conclusion: For all the uproar here over intelligence agencies having a free hand, it's worse in Europe.

    CHRISTOPHER WOLF: We can have a debate over whether or not the judicial and legislative approval process is working here in America, but the fact is, it exists, and in many places in Europe you don't have that kind of due process. You don't have legislative oversight. In fact, the national security investigations are done completely in the dark or mostly in the dark.

    GJELTEN: He cites Germany's Office of Criminal Investigation.

    WOLF: For example, it's permitted to use a computer virus to search IT systems and to monitor communications and to collect data without the knowledge of users or service providers. And while there's a court order that's needed to use it, the service providers often aren't even aware of its deployment.

    GJELTEN: Joris van Hoboken, the Dutch information researcher, does not disagree that oversight is weaker in Europe.

    HOBOKEN: It's actually true that in general the laws here that allow national security agencies and intelligence community to do wiretapping, they are less detailed, and sometimes even less procedural safeguards.

    GJELTEN: On the other hand, van Hoboken says, it's a mistake to focus too heavily on comparisons between what the NSA can do and what European intelligence agencies can do. Intelligence activities in Europe are done by individual governments and on a far, far smaller scale than what the NSA does. And one other point: the laws that limit the NSA only apply to what the agency does with U.S. citizens on U.S. territory.

    HOBOKEN: And so that oversight is basically quite meaningless from a perspective of a foreign country or people in a foreign country.

    GJELTEN: Where the NSA can basically do what it wants. So, U.S. officials may bristle over some European complaints about NSA surveillance, but those European concerns are not entirely unfounded. Tom Gjelten, NPR News, Washington.

    内容来自 听力课堂网://www.6yyxf.com/show-9910-443832-1.html
    用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
    用户搜索

    疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

    订阅每日学英语:

    • 频道推荐
    • |
    • 全站推荐
    • 广播听力
    • |
    • 推荐下载
    • 网站推荐
  • 女性之声——全国妇联 2019-06-14
  • 计划不是产生在交换基础上的计划。 2019-06-14
  • 人民网春季糖酒会专访北京一轻食品集团有限公司总经理李奇 2019-06-12
  • 回复@老老保老张工:你肯定有咱无法企及的本事!比如你可以不要脸,咱就不行。 2019-06-12
  • 动用警力拘情妇为何至今无说法 2019-06-01
  • 候选企业:东方证券股份有限公司 2019-05-14
  • 崇尚英雄 精忠报国——我们家的报国故事 2019-05-14
  • 为了人民重托——记政府工作报告起草 2019-05-12
  • 海南省委书记、省长回复人民网网友近70条留言 2019-05-09
  • 福特中国召回部分林肯大陆 涉及11044辆 2019-05-07
  • 2017年度注册核安全工程师资格考试合格标准 2019-05-07
  • 端午假期国内游客超8900万人次 2019-05-06
  • 陈秋冬:评估AI项目 我们需要思考三个问题 2019-05-02
  • 赵世炎:信仰之火永不灭 2019-04-26
  • 德国库斯特黑啤酒500ml【价格 品牌 图片 评论】 2019-04-26
  • 现场直播中超联赛 怎么看福彩3d走势图 香港六合彩报码 陕西快乐10分钟横屏 安徽十一选五任五遗漏 王八报 浙江福彩3d出号走势图 陕西快乐十分卖号技巧 850游戏通比牛牛 今晚足球欧冠直播频道 娱乐城巴厘岛体育投注足球 笨重的生肖 上海时时彩为何停售 北京快三开奖今天走势 网上买彩票中大奖退